Periodontal disease (GUM INFECTION)

Periodontal disease (GUM INFECTION)

Did you ever experience the feeling of being embarrassed when you are talking to someone and you’ve noticed they are covering their nose or simply ending the conversation with you early? Or have you experienced brushing and to your surprised there’s blood when you gargle? If you answered to these questions YES, you might be suffering from periodontal disease, commonly known as “gum disease’.

Periodontal diseases range from a simple gum inflammation to more serious diseases that cause and leads to a major damage to the soft tissue and bone that supports the teeth.

With all the food that we eat, bacteria is always present inside the mouth. And these bacteria constantly form a sticky, colorless plaque on teeth and if this “plaque” is not removed it can harden and form “tartar”. And the longer the plaque and tartar stays, great chances is you’ll be having gingivitis. And if not treated. .then it leads serious gum infection.

Let’s be more familiar and take a look on the symptoms and treatment for periodontal disease.

Symptoms of the gums include:

  1. Red, purpled or, tender, swollen and bleeding gums.
  2. New spaces developing between the teeth and loose teeth
  3. Painful in  chewing and sensitive teeth
  4. Receding gums or longer appearing teeth.

If you experienced any of these, and it’s time for you to visit your dentist.

But however, are you also aware that periodontal disease can actually contribute to cardiovascular disease and diabetes? Yes, indeed it is!

Several studies shown, that periodontal disease   has a potential link with cardiovascular and diabetes. According to doctors the gum infection or swelling can lead to hardened arteries, which makes it hard for blood to flow which contributes to the greater risk of having heart problems.

While the latter, people with diabetes are most likely to develop periodontal disease, probably because people with diabetes are more susceptible to contracting infections. In addition, periodontal disease is also considered a complication of diabetes.

So what is the best treatment given?

 Definitely when you visit your doctor, they will be asking about your medical history to identify underlying conditions or risk factors (including smoking) they may co tribute to gum disease. Several procedures will be done like examination of your gums to take note on any inflammation, and other requires an x-ray to see whether there is any bone loss.

The primary objective for these procedures is controlling the infection.  The treatment varies depending on the severity of the gum disease. Deep cleaning (scaling and root planning) is done by your dentist. Scaling is a procedure where scraping off the tartar from above and below the gum line while root planning is the removal of rough spots on the tooth.

But as individuals, good daily care at home is always a must.